A user just wrote to me to ask about using . He was trying to execute a command-line utility (based on an example I posted back in CF 5 days) and the code kept throwing Java errors. His specific problem turned out to be one of pathing, pre CFMX you may not have needed to provide fully qualified paths (for example, the path to cmd.exe) but now you do.
The following is a simple test, it invokes netstat and displays the results:

Executing a shell command (like DIR and SET) is a little trickier. You can’t execute set directly, you’ll need to execute the command interpreter (cmd on Windows) and have it execute set. And you MUST pass /c as an argument – this tells the command interpreter to run and terminate upon completion, without /c it will be waiting for an explicit exit command and will never return.
Here is an example using set:

Note: Obviously these example are Windows specific.

21 thoughts

  1. Ben,
    I’m trying to use cfexecute to run a command line java class and I’m getting an IO error….do I have to allow for this tag to be run, ie cf7 disable or enable this by default. Do I have to run this under a an account that’s not local?

  2. Hi Ben.
    I try to use CFEXECUTE for lunch a format changer for movie (ffmpeg.exe)
    I Make a .bat for run this transforme en flv.
    When i execute the bat normaly (run whis argument) no probleme all is correct. but when i lunch it whis CFEXECUTE, the ffmpeg do not wand ‘stop’ the process, impossible to read the file (file used by a other application).
    I try to use ffmpeg directely in CFEXECUTE whis argument, but shame effect.
    I try different possibility, allway shame effect .. 🙁
    and allway used directely thats work.
    this is realy strange no ?

  3. Do you think that it will be possible to call the printer driver from the cfexecute tag and passing the file name that needs to be printed?

  4. Hi Ben,
    I’ve looked at your comments above and confirmed the netstat information was returned to the screen.
    I have a batch file d:test.bat which I would like to execute to run on the server.
    My command is as follows
    <cfexecute name="d:test.bat"
    This will echo the contents of the file test.bat to the screen rather than execute the file.
    Am I missing something simple

  5. Hi Ben,
    Did you by any chance answer Alain’s question (Posted By Alain | 12/9/06 3:32 AM) before? I think I do have the same problem.
    Actually I do want to download a file within CF from a MVS mainframe secure (SSL) FTP site and I do that by using command line options of a third party FTP client.
    Now, I did write a batch file (batchFile.bat) and when I double click it, it works fine… downloads the file, creates the two log files and etc. However, when I do execute that same batchFile using cfexecute it creates the two log files but hangs on. does not download the file nor writes anything into the log files.
    I wrote a smilar batch file just to test, which creates a directory and a file within, and then deletes those altogether, and it works… it does not hang up…
    Is there a trick to run a third party command line within cfexecute? I am lost…
    your input is very much appreciated….

  6. Kivanc,
    It may be a permissions issue, depending on what your batch file is doing. You may want to try having CF execute under a user account (instead of system service account) to see if it works then.
    — Ben

  7. HI Ben,
    I am trying to run an executable which takes a pdf file as input and returns a tiff file. I am trying to use cfexecute but I am unable to execute that.
    i wrote the executable in a bat file
    Here is the bat file
    pathConvertPDFToImage.exe /S pathInputCoffee.pdf /T pathInputCoffee.tiff /C3
    ur input is appreciated,

  8. I’m having this same "hanging" issue trying to execute a Powershell command. Using a batch file it works fine, but running the batch file or the command directly with cfexecute hangs and times out, leaving a dangling Powershell process on the server. I’ve tried the tips at http://cfsearching.blogspot.com/2008/01/cfexecute-ffmpeg-and-mencoder-mystery.html (which you’ve commented on, Ben) and tried running the batch file under the domain credentials that teh CF service runs under, to no avail. This page: http://blogs.sun.com/vaibhav/entry/not_as_easy_as_we talks about problems with the Java Runtime exec() command and Powershell specifically. Maybe cfexecute is having the same problem, but saving the output to a file instead of a variable doesn’t help. So I’m looking for a workaround for Powershell. Anyone know one?

  9. I have a related problem with cfexecute in a unix environment.
    It works for a single command under unix.
    But for example, unix commands can be strung together, and cfexecute can’t handle the pipe and subsequent command.
    i.e.: more ./cfseerver.log | grep ‘Coldfusion Starting’
    Is there a work around???

  10. I’m using a custom-coded Java class that I found on the web and tweaked with a fix that I think is probably PowerShell specific.

  11. For Pete Miller (or anyone else with this problem):
    I was running into the same problem with the batch file showing on the screen as well. You need to add either the variable or outputfile attribute (either are optional) in the command. According to the Adobe docs (as outlined here – http://livedocs.adobe.com/coldfusion/6.1/htmldocs/tags-p25.htm): "If no outputfile or variable attribute is specified, output is displayed on page from which it was called."
    So something like this would work for you:
    <cfexecute name="d:test.bat"
    I added the variable="data" to my cfexecute command and the contents of the batch file went away.

  12. Hello Ben,
    I seem to having a similar problem with cfexecute. In your answer to Kivanc you said that it may be a permission issue. That is the batch is being executed as the system service account. My bat file executes a program and the program hangs if it is executed as the system service account. How do I execute the batch under a user account. Can you point me in some direction to help with this? Perhaps an “execute as” command or something. My batch works fine if it is executed as administrator or other user with the right permissions.
    <cfexecute name="c:windowssystem32cmd.exe"

  13. I had the same problem with Powershell hanging as Margaret. This seems to be a Powershell issue. I finally found a solution on the Microsoft site. Add "-inputformat none" as one of your parameters.

  14. Oh my god James Thankyou i have been tearing my hair out trying to work this out… ran cmd as ‘SYSTEM’ (which is the same process CF runs under) and the script worked, but cfexecute didn’t !!!! … This coupled with the fact that for some strange reason cfexecute would always return nothing even when i was deliberately making powershell through an error (outputFile was always empty and variable returned [empty string] ???

  15. I’ve been having trouble using CFEXECUTE. The argument that is being passed is a .cmd. Its suppose to generate a PDF for a label but instead upon clicking the link that suppose to load the page it gives me 404 (because its not generating the PDF). So naturally I get no page. Is there possibly a permissions issue causing it not to run?
    <— The code —>
    <cffile action="write" file="C:Inetpubwwwrootthe path.xml" output="#shipment#" addnewline="No" nameconflict="overwrite">
    <cfset session.awbno=#shipment.ShipmentValidateResponse.AirwayBillNumber.XmlText#>
    <cfexecute name="C:WINDOWSsystem32cmd.exe" arguments="/C C:Inetpubwwwrootthe path.cmd"> </cfexecute>
    <a href="../path/#session var here#.pdf">Click for Label</a>

  16. Has anyone got an example of a java runtime version of executing a powershell command, as opposed to the cfexecute version? Apparently it’s less troublesome.

  17. You should be able to issue any command that you can invoke on the command line. So, open a command prompt window, get your SVN command to work there, and then execute it as described here.
    Also, check riaforge.org, I believe there may be CF SVN integration libraries there.

  18. What happened to all the old content, it is not displaying in the blog. I have referred to the content of this blog many times with different projects. Seems broken now.

    1. All content was moved to this new blog, but some URLs unfortunately changed so some links broke. But, use Search at the top of the page and you can find all content.

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